GDM: 5 Facts You Need to Know About Gestational Diabetes Mellitus

If you have been diagnosed with GDM or Gestational Diabetes Mellitus you need not worry. With proper blood sugar control, GDM babies do just fine and are typically  delivered normally.  Read on to learn more.  

1. Causes of GDM

Gestational diabetes mellitus usually occurs during the second half of pregnancy and disappears after giving birth.

“ It occurs because the body may not be producing enough insulin to meet the extra needs during pregnancy ” Dr. Swati Sinha explains.

2. Risk Factors for GDM

Indian women are genetically predisposed toward gestational diabetes.

“If you’ve previously delivered a baby who weighed 4.5 kg or more at birth, or have a family history of diabetes or are overweight, you may be at risk ” says Dr Swati.

3. Treatment of GDM

If left unmanaged, GDM may pose problems for you and your baby during pregnancy and after birth.

“With the right changes in diet and lifestyle and when necessary medications or insulin, most women cope very well with GDM.”

Watch [Video]: What Your Gestational Diabetes Diet Should Include

If you are unsure about your how to manage your diabetes, it is better to consult a gynecologist about it. Fill the form below to schedule a free consultation with a senior gynecologist in our hospital. We will call you to schedule the appointment.

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4. Labour and Delivery with GDM

Your baby’s growth may be monitored closely through additional ultrasounds.

“Pregnant women with Gestational Diabetes Mellitus sometimes have bigger babies but that does not necessarily require a cesarean “ says Dr Swati.

“Induction of labour is recommended at 38-40 weeks if you do not go into labour before that.”

Ketaki Pande Gupta describes her heartwarming normal delivery experience despite having GDM in the video below.

5. GDM After Normal Delivery

It is important to have a blood test to check for diabetes 6 to 13 weeks after giving birth.

“ If the test is normal, you must get it done every year after that, especially if you are planning to get pregnant again “ advises Dr Swati.

*This blog is written with editorial inputs from Dr. Swati Sinha. She has over 15 years of experience as an Obstetrician – Gynecologist with a keen interest in normal delivery.